Millennium History

History of Asia

  • Indian Renaissance in the Nineteenth Century

    A new intellectual wave swept through Europe in the eighteenth century, which marked the beginning of a new era of awakening. Due to rationalism, spirit of inquiry, science and scientific approach, European civilization had become more advanced and progressive in social and cultural terms. In the ea

  • Lord Wellesley and Subsidiary Treaty System

    After Cornwallis returned in 1793 AD, Sir John Shore (1793–1798 AD) was appointed as the Governor General of India, the senior official and governor of the Company. Was a member of the Generals Council. He also had experience of working in the field of revenue and business. She also played a major r

  • Lord Hastings:Policies and Reforms

    Warren Hastings Reforms and Policies  Lord Hastings (1813–1823) was appointed Governor General of India after Lord Minto resigned in 1813. The Hastings belonged to the high aristocratic family of England. He had participated in the American War of Independence and had close ties with the Prince of W

  • Simon Commission and Nehru Report

    On 8 November 1927, the Tory government of London announced the formation of the Simon Commission, a seven-member constitutional commission to review the working of the constitutional system in India. The Government of India Act of 1919 provided that after 10 years a commission would be appointed, w

  • Charter Act of 1793

    In 1773 the East India Company had a monopoly to trade with the Eastern countries for twenty years. This time limit was expiring in 1793. In the last days of Lord Cornwalliss reign, debate began in the British Parliament for the renewal of the Charter Act. The merchants of England agitated against t

  • Charter Act of 1813

    When the Companys Charter Act was about to expire in 1813, there was much debate about whether to extend the Companys trading rights. There were several reasons for this debate. One ​​is that the Indian territory of the Company had become very wide and it was not possible for the Company to act as a

  • Indian Council Act of 1861

    Even after taking the Indian territories under its direct authority by the Act of 1858 AD, no changes were made in the Indian administration, while it was necessary to change the administrative structure of India. . The British Parliament passed the Indian Councils Act three years later in 1861, by

  • Indian Council Act of 1892

    After 1861 AD, there was a rapid development of political consciousness and nationalism among Indians, which resulted in the establishment of the Indian National Congress in 1885 AD. The moderate leaders of the Indian National Congress demanded constitutional reforms, as a result of which the Britis

  • Indian Administration-Reform Act of 1858

    The last phase of British colonialism (1858–1947) is the most important phase of Indias constitutional development. During this phase there was a constant struggle between the interests of the British capitalists and the various sections of India. The discontent in England against the corrupt misgov

  • Nadir Shah's Invasion

    In the eighteenth century, when the Mughal Empire was torn apart by the incompetence of the later Mughals and the selfishness of the nobles, far-reaching events were taking place in Persia. There was always the possibility of an invasion from the Persian side on the north-west. The mighty Safavi Emp

  • The Rise of Sikh Power :Maharaja Ranjit Singh

    Maharaja Ranjit Singh not only united the 11 scattered Sikh kingdoms in the Punjab of North West India, but also established a modern Sikh Empire. The great Maharaja of Punjab Ranjit Singh (1799-1839 AD) was called Sher-e Punjab (Lion of Punjab) Also known as. Ranjit Singhs early life (Early Life o

  • Reforms and Policies of Warren Hastings

    Clive went back to England in 1767, and in 1772, Warren Hastings, an English politician, was appointed the first governor of the Fort William Presidency (Bengal), the first real Governor-General of India. In the five years from 1767 to 1772 Verelst and Cartier He conducted the administration in Indi

  • Reforms of Lord Cornwallis, 1786–1793

    In February 1785 Hastins went back to England and in 1786 the East India Company appointed Lord Cornwallis as Commander-in-Chief of British India and Governor of the Presidency of Fort William (Bengal Presidency). appointed general. Meanwhile, after the departure of Warren Hastings, a senior member

  • Indian Council Act of 1909 :Marley-Minto Reform (Indian Council Act of 1909 :Marley-Minto Reform)

    Seventeen years after the Indian Councils Act of 1892, another Act was passed, called the Indian Councils Act of 1909. The originator of this act was the Secretary of India Marley and the Governor General Lord Minto, hence it is also known as Marley-Minto Reforms. Although this act failed to bring a

  • Government of India Act of 1919 (Montague-Chelmsford Reforms) Government of India Act of 1919 (Montague-Chelmsford Reforms)

    The Government of India Act, 1909 was unable to fulfill the demand for self-government of Indians. After 1905, the government resorted to repression-policy to prevent the rise of its power in the form of hot nationalism which had arisen in the political field of India, due to which there was a lot o

  • India in the Eighteenth Century

    Until recently, the eighteenth century was a dark age in Indian history. Because there was chaos and anarchy prevailing in India at that time. It was said that in this century the Mughal Empire collapsed due to its internal weaknesses and the stumbling block of foreign invaders, the regional powers

  • Anglo-French Rivalry in Karnataka

    In the 18th century, when Mughal power was waning, conflicts between the British and the French East India Company resulted in the expansion of the British to the south. Both the Anglo-French companies aimed to make maximum profit from the trade, so they sought to oust each other in order to maintai

  • Later Mughal Emperors and Rise and Fall of Syed brothers

    The Mughal Empire, despite its unprecedented expansion, its enormous military-power and cultural achievements, began to decline in the early eighteenth century. The reign of Aurangzeb was the evening of the Mughals because at this time the Mughal Empire had started to be hollowed out by many disease

  • बंगाल में अंग्रेजी शक्ति की स्थापना (Establishment of English Power in Bengal)

    भारत में ब्रिटिश साम्राज्यवाद का बीजारोपण बंगाल से ही हुआ। अंग्रेजों ने 23 जून, 1757 ई. को प्लासी के युद्ध में बंगाल के नवाब सिराजुद्दौला को पराजित किया और मीरजाफर को बंगाल का नवाब बनाया। मुगल साम्राज्य के प्रांतों में बंगाल सर्वाधिक संपन्न था। भारत में अंग्रेजों को व्यापार करने का अधिकार 1618 ई. मे

  • Robert Clive and Diarchy in Bengal

    During his tenure in India, Robert Clive improved the position of the British in Bengal and strengthened the British Empire. After the Battle of Plassey on June 23, 1757 AD, in the Battle of Buxar in 1764 AD, Nawab Siraj-ud-daula of Bengal, Nawab Shuja-ud-daula of Awadh and Mughal Emperor Shah Alam

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