History quiz

Exercises on the Years of Lead (Brazil) - with feedback

Last updated:2022-07-25
Question 01 - CEDAF - UFV 2011 - From 1964 to 1985, Brazil lived a military dictatorship, in a period that became known as the “years of lead”. Heavy years for the Brazilian people. About this period, it is INCORRECT to state that:
a) the greatest resistance to the dictatorship took place through the press, against which there was no censorship.
b) the National Congress could not exercise its constitutional function of overseeing the actions of the executive power. The president-generals exercised their totalitarian power over the country's economy, politics and culture.
c) unions and student organizations were supervised by the political police, having no voice at all.
d) there was always resistance to the military regime. Through student demonstrations, urban and rural guerrillas and the mobilization of civil society, workers, intellectuals, lawyers, teachers, peasants, housewives, politicians and students said no to the dictatorship.

Question 02 - CEFET-MG - 2013 - Technical External and Subsequent Concomitance - The period between 1969 and 1973 is known as the “Years of Lead” of the Brazilian military regime. This period was characterized by
a) clash between army factions and state militias.
b) conflict between nationalist and entreguistas parties.
c) confrontation between the federal government and urban and rural guerrillas.
d) clash between political forces with federalist and regionalist tendencies.

Question 03 - UNIFOR 2002.2 - "AI-5 (...) froze the hopes of a civilized opposition. With the National Congress closed, hundreds of parliamentarians, mayors, councilors and judges impeached, thousands of people arrested and the press literally gagged, night descended on the country. With this Act, and others that followed, the political life of the nation was completely militarized. (...) in the relentless pursuit of opponents, reduced to the condition of 'terrorists', the (...) turned the basements of DOI-CODIs into halls of horrors, where torture and death were ubiquitous." (Francisco M.P. Teixeira. História concise do Brasil. São Paulo:Global, 1993. p. 304-5) The text identifies characteristics of a period of Brazilian political history known as
(A) "Ten Lost Years".
(B) "Years of Lead".
(C) "Years of Droughts".
(D) "Golden Years".
(E) "Belle Époque".

Question 04 - Quadrix - 2013 - CREF - 3rd Region (SC) - The Information Operations Detachment - Center for Internal Defense Operations (DOI-CODI) was an intelligence and repression agency subordinated to the Brazilian government during the regime inaugurated with the military coup of March 31, ______, the military dictatorship, also called from "Years of Lead". Established in practically all the states of the federation, in São Paulo its facilities were located on Rua Tutóia, in the Paraíso neighborhood, where the 36th police district currently operates.
(A) 1961
(B) 1962
(C) 1963
(D) 1964
(E) 1968

Question 05 - CRS - PMMG - 2013 - The period between 1964 and 1985, after the deposition of Jango, Brazil enters a new trajectory where the Labor of GetúlioVargas and the era of the National Development of Juscelino Kubitschek are in the past and a new remarkable period of history emerges, that is, the years of “Lead”. Regarding the period after 1964, mark the INCORRECT alternative:
A) The “preventive coup” that took place during the Getúlio Vargas government had a serious:the division of the Armed Forces that contributes for liberals and hardliners to seek space in the military dictatorship that ended up in the hands of hardliners, who came to control the country.
B) The doctrine of National Security was created after the Second World War, and adopted at the end of General Castelo Branco's mandate as the National Security Law.
C) The Military Junta created in 1969 vetoed a civilian, the deputy -president of Costa eSilva, taking office of the government that closed the Congress, incorporated the Institutional Acts into the Constitution under the title of Constitutional Amendment No. 1 and imposed a general in charge.
D) From 1974, with the ascension of the fourth General- President Ernesto Geisel, the military dictatorship began a process of controlled self-dissolution that would be completed in 1985.

Question 06 - UPENET/IAUPE - 2018 - PM- PE - On April 1, 1964, Brazil began to experience a history that would last until 1985, a period called dictatorship, dictatorial or even years of “lead”; in this way, a history of struggles of direct and indirect confrontations would develop. These struggles took place in order to overcome the power that the State exercised over the population through an oppressive government, evidencing the constant urban combats, which took place in the explicit form of repression.
In relation to this topic, mark the CORRECT alternative.
A) Dom Hélder Câmara, in charge of the Archdiocese of Recife and Olinda , adopted an impartial stance in relation to the civil-military regime established in 1964. He was part of sectors of the Catholic Church that sought to approach the regime, since it defended Christian ideals.
B) For a long time related to the military, the obscure death of the priest Henrique was investigated by the Truth Commission and by some historians. It was concluded, however, that the military had no involvement in this episode, thus contradicting Marxist historiography.
C) Politically oblivious to the transformations and political disturbances that took place, the layers Popular people, as happened in the episode of the proclamation of the republic, watched the democratic rupture in astonishment.
D) Francisco Julião (1965-1969), considered by many to be one of the most radical leftist leaders in the pre-1964 period in Brazil, leader of the Peasant Leagues and socialist deputy, was exiled to Mexico in 1965.
E) After the investigations initiated by the intelligence of the armed forces, several former -Members of peasant leagues were arrested on the charge of being guerrillas. In fact, documents from the time show that several of them went to Cuba, where they received military training.

Question 07 - CESGRANRIO - 2013 - PUC - RJ - Ten years after the 1964 coup in Brazil, the military regime began a process of political distension. This period of “political openness” lasted until 1985, when the country returned to a civilian president. About this period (1974-1985), IT IS INCORRECT to state:
A) that the Geisel government (1974-1979) sought to maintain high economic growth rates through state investments.
B) that, during the Figueiredo government (1979-1985), political amnesty was granted, allowing exiles who had worked on party reform to return to the country.
C) that, over the period, several demanding social movements emerged , linked to workers, students, rural workers and urban middle classes.
D) that some military sectors acted to discredit the project of political distension; one of its main expressions was the Riocentro bombing in 1981.
E) that, despite the political liberalization project, this period represented the height of repression and violation of human rights, being called the “years of lead”.

Question 08 - UFPR - 2010/2011 - In the late 1960s and early 1970s, Brazilian society experienced the “lead years” of the civil-military dictatorship, especially after the silence imposed by Institutional Act No. 5, of 1968. In the cultural field, consider the following statements :
1. Civil-military repression made the ideological conflict of the Cold War run out in Brazil.
2. There were massive investments in the mass media, aiming at the effectiveness of the regime's political propaganda.
3. One of the reactions to the repression was the explosion of the black consciousness movement in Brazil.
4. Censorship and the consolidation of new mass media led to the creation of new spaces and cultural styles, such as Tropicália. Tick ​​the correct alternative.
a) Only statements 1, 2 and 4 are true.
b) Only statement 3 is true.
c) Only statements 2 and 4 are true.
d) Only statements 3 and 4 are true.
e) Statements 1, 2, 3 and 4 are true.

Question 09 - Instituto Machado de Assis - City Hall of Maracaçumé 2016 -
The “lead years” are considered to be the period that comprises:
(A) The dictatorship of the Estado Novo, started in 1935.
(B) The entire Getúlio period.
(C) The period of the Cold War in Latin countries.
(D) The military dictatorship, begun in 1964.

Question 10 - UFF - The 1964 coup and the resurgence of the military regime after 1968 - 1969 also affected the production of Brazilian artists and intellectuals. Tick ​​the option that best explains the Brazilian cultural scene in the so-called "lead years".
a) The censorship of the military regime practically made national cinema unfeasible, replacing the creativity of the movement known as "Cinema Novo" by the Hollywood filmography supported by EMBRAFILME.
b) The arrest of the playwright Augusto Boal, in 1971, was the emblem of the persecution of Brazilian dramaturgy, henceforth reduced to the staging of foreign plays.
c) The University was safe from political repression, except for the invasions to the campuses of some universities, between the end of the 60's and the beginning of the following decade.
d) Repression and censorship were unable to completely stifle cultural manifestations of the country, as demonstrated by the emergence, on the musical plane, of the movement known as "Tropicalism".
e) The coherence of the censorship criteria of the military regime was made explicit, clearly, in the episode of the prohibition of the publication of the Declaration of Independence of the United States, a fact only surpassed by the prohibition of "David", the dangerous sculpture of Michelangelo.

Question 11 - CEFET-MG - 2006-1 - External Concomitance Technician - The Years of Lead, a historical period in which the National Security Doctrine predominated, aimed at eliminating the internal enemy, was characterized by (o)
a) expansion of the struggle for land tenure in the Goulart Government.
b) the height of the economic policy called “Brazilian Miracle”.
c) implementation of basic reforms elaborated in the military government.
d) multi-party system adopted to control the actions of political factions.

Question 12 - IFBA 2019 - Integrated -In the account of Professor Lúcia Guedes Mello, in the “years of lead” of the military dictatorship in Brazil, aggression against the right to demonstrate was a constant:
“My university students couldn't be far from the buzz. Cristina tells that in a march, on Avenida Sete, Rua Chile, Praça da Sé, when passing through Praça Municipal the police arrive to disperse them. She runs into one of the cross streets and suddenly a policewoman intimidates her with a rifle at the ready. On another occasion, always on the street, on Avenida Sete, exactly on Ladeirade São Bento, the mounted police arrive. I don't know how they found out. The gang throws thousands of marbles at the horses' paws, which start to slip without stability, the police fall. The students take advantage and run to the São Bento Monastery that houses them.”
MELLO, Lúcia Guedes. townhouse. Salvador, Omar G, 2002. P. 287. The military dictatorship in Brazil had its beginning:A) with President Ernesto Geisel's April package.
B) with the suicide of Getúlio Vargas.
C) with the indirect election of Tancredo Neves.
D) with the coup against the constitutional government of João Goulart.
E) with Institutional Act nº 5 of December 13, 1968.

Question 14 -UniCESUMAR 2020 - The expression “years of lead” is recurrent in historiography as a way of characterizing, in Brazil, the period inserted in the military regime, in which there was
(A) the combat of the security forces against armed groups, among 1964 and 1985, which organized a civil war in the interior of Brazil, like the Guerrilha do Araguaia.
(B) the absence of a Constitutional Charter, between 1964 and 1969 , and the promulgation of Institutional Acts that consolidated a repressive legal system, based on the death penalty and life imprisonment for opponents.
(C) the extinction of political parties and the succession of five generals military in the presidency of the Republic, not elected by the vote.
(D)) the increase between 1968 and the mid-1970s , political repression, police surveillance and the exacerbation of censorship, which hampered freedom of expression and demanding social movements.
(And) the installation of a civil-military regime in a violent context of the Cold War, with financial support from the United States and as a strategy to interrupt the avowedly socialist government exercised by João Goulart.

01 - A
02 - C
03 - B
04 - D
05 - A
06 - D
07 - E
08 - C
09 - D
10 - D
11 - B
12 - D
13 - D