History quiz

Exercises on the New Deal - with feedback

Last updated:2022-07-25
Question 01 - UVA 2013.1 - CE - UVA 2013.1 - CE - The “New Deal” policy, developed by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, after his election in 1932, aimed mainly at:
A) recovering the American economy, deeply shaken by the Great Depression.
B) guarantee the American presence in Panama, due to its strategic importance.
C) expand the American economy in the Pacific, due to commercial competition from Japan.
D) integrate racial minorities - Indians, blacks, Puerto Ricans and Chicanos - in the US workforce.

Question 02 - FGV-SP 1999 - 1st phase - In the early 1930s, industrial production was approximately 38% lower than before 1929. The US, to respond to this world crisis of capitalism, internally implemented the New Deal policy, which consisted of:
a) under the influence of Keynesian theory, redistribute income through job creation and other incentives coordinated and controlled by the State;
b) expand agricultural production, opening credit to industrial unemployed for setting up and managing small farms;
c) reduce State interference in the economy, through the unrestricted opening of the internal market and, fundamentally, the sanitation of public debts;
d) produce more food, creating an agricultural credit regulatory body for indebted farmers;
e) privatize state companies, obtaining investment capital for social policies:unemployment insurance, in-service training and professional (re)qualification.

Question 03 - UERJ 2006 - 2nd Qualifying Exam -
At various moments in history, art and power meet. Moser Soyer's painting depicts several artists painting hopeful and optimistic images associated with the New Deal implemented by the Roosevelt administration. In this euphoric climate and with the objective of rebuilding the North American economy, this government adopted the following measures:
(A) reduction of agricultural production and carrying out large public works
(B) repression of the movements of the urban workers and increased purchasing power
(C) currency appreciation and incentive to increase industrial production of durable goods
(D) granting loans to small farmers and establishing a free-market economic model

Question 04 - Army - 2014 - EsPCEx - Army Cadet - In the first years of the 1930s, the world witnessed a serious economic crisis that hit a good part of the capitalist world. To combat it, the government of the United States of America adopted a set of measures that became known as the New Deal. This program
[A] reduced state intervention in the economy.
[B] increased state intervention in the economy.
[C] removed the presence of the state from the economy.
>[D] made the American economy more liberal.
[E] caused the crash of the New York Stock Exchange, giving rise to the episode that became known as “Black Thursday”.

br />Question 05 - FGV-SP 2010 - Economics - 1st phase - “Two people invented the New Deal:the president of Brazil and the president of the United States”. The author of the phrase was the creator of the historic US economic recovery plan, Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1882-1945). The commendation was made on a visit to Rio de Janeiro, in November 1936, and referred to the government of Getúlio Vargas. (Flávio Limoncic, The inventors of the 'New Deal' in Revista da História da Biblioteca Nacional, August 2009)
About the New Deal, it is correct to say that
a) he recovered the liberal doctrines of Adam Smith in the sense of restoring the dynamism of the economy through market rules, in addition to controlling union activities to avoid salary increases that compromise national growth.
b) it was decisive in the recovery of the capitalist economy by developing practices that reduced production at the same levels of demand, with the constitution of rigid public budgets without deficits.
c) based on the ideas of economist John Keynes, the State intervened in the economic order, mainly through public investments in large works , which would solve part of the unemployment problem.
d) limited itself to reorganizing banking institutions, which began to suffer from intense surveillance by the US government and were forced to grant er popular lines of credit for farmers. e) opted for the use of some economic orthodoxies, based on the theoretical model of J. K. Galbraith, such as the concentration of capital in essential activities, mainly the steel and oil industries.

Question 06 - FUVEST 2003 - Transfer – Identify the historically INCORRECT proposition about the Great Depression and the politics of the New Deal:
a) the US government, in the 1930s, encouraged the realization of large public works to occupy unemployed workers;
b) the New Deal meant the expansion of the sphere of State participation in economic affairs;
c) F.D.Roosevelt, belonging to the Democratic Party, was the great mentor of public policies to protect capitalism in crisis;
d) the positive results of the New Deal were not unanimously accepted by the population, as a portion of businessmen criticized the State's interference in the economy.
e) F.D.Roosevelt used mackartism to defeat his conservative political opponents.
Question 07 - CEPERJ - 2013 - SEDUC-RJ - The impact of the 1929 crisis was undoubtedly very great. It shook the entire liberal model, both in economic and political terms. It was one of the most painful episodes in American history, perhaps only comparable to the Civil War or the attack on the Twin Towers in New York. A set of measures, called the New Deal, were adopted to seek to rebuild the North American economy. The New Deal was implemented under the leadership of the following American president:
A) Franklin Delano Roosevelt
B) Theodore Roosevelt
C) John F. Kennedy
D) Richard Nixon
E) Woodrow Wilson

Question 08 - UNIFESO/Teresópolis (Medicine) - 2017:2nd semester - “The New Deal, which President Roosevelt promoted in order to recover the United States from the Great Depression caused by the 1929 crash, was embodied in a policy of economic and social reforms, with the aim of reducing unemployment and poverty and ending them. Some of its main measures were the Social Security Act, the U.S. Housing Authority, the FarmSecurity Administration and the Fair Labor Standards Act, which set the maximum working hours and minimum wage for most categories of workers.”
(BANDEIRA, Luiz Alberto Muniz. The World Disorder; the Spectrum of total domination:War by proxy, terror, chaos and humanitarian catastrophes. Rio deJaneiro; Civilização Brasileira, 2016. p. 47) The implementation of the New Deal was accompanied by an intensification of the political debate, since (A) was opposed by sectors liberal conservative political groups and corporate groups, who were opposed to social measures.
(B) obtained a political and social consensus in the USA, which enabled Roosevelt to implement economic and social reforms.
(C) was inspired in defense of the free market, considered a factor of effective economic regulation by the economists who defended the New Deal.
(D) promoted the end of private property and proposed the construction of a socialist society in the East. United States.
(E) demanded greater sacrifice from workers in the face of the economic crisis that reduced the productive capacity of American companies.
Question 09 - UFV 2004 - The New York Stock Exchange crash in 1929 affected the world economy. The United States, under the command of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, adopted the New Deal as a way out of the crisis that the country was going through. The characteristics of the New Deal are:I. the deliberate intervention of the State in the economy, in opposition to the American liberal tradition. II. the creation of a broad plan of public works, such as dams and highways, to generate new jobs. III. the incentive to increase production to feed the unemployed population. IV. the creation of a monetary fund to finance European countries in crisis. V. the adoption of measures aiming at the balance between the cost of production and the final value of the goods. From the alternatives below, mark the one that presents only the CORRECT characteristics:a) I, II and V. b) I, III and IV. c) I, IV and V. d) II, III and IV. e) II, III and V.
01 - A
02 - A
03 - A
04 - B
05 - C
06 - E
07 - A
08 - A09 - A