History quiz

Exercises on the Medical Wars - with feedback

Question 01 - PUCRS 2008.1 - In the 5th century BC, with the end of the Medical Wars, a period of hegemony of Athens over the Greek world was established, in opposition to Sparta. Among the conditioning factors of this hegemony, A) the increase in the power of the Athenian naval forces cannot be pointed out. B) the formation of the Confederation of Delos. C) the permanence of Spartan land forces in the Peloponnese. D) the institution, by Pericles, of an imperialist aristocratic tyranny in Athens. E) the concentration of Aegean trade in Athens.
Question 02 - UVA 2007.2 - The disputes between two great powers, Greece and Persia, for the hegemony of the ancient world became known as the Wars:A) Punic B) Medical C) Peloponnesian D) Corinthian
Question 03 - PUC - RS - 2015 - In the context of the so-called Medical Wars, in the 5th century BC. C., there was a period of hegemony of Athens over the Greek world, replacing Sparta. B) the formation of the Peloponnesian League, led by Athens and composed of the main agricultural cities that supplied slaves. C) the drastic decrease in the number of metics and slaves in Athens due to the war, which forced part of the elite to invest resources in commerce and manufacturing. D) the permanence, after the war, of the Spartan army in the city itself, to defend the aristocracy from the uprisings of the helots and periecos. E) the fall of the Pericles dictatorship due to the end of the war, which consolidated democracy and increased the political influence of Athens.
Question 04 - PUC - RS - 1999 - The so-called Medical Wars, against the Persians, in the 5th century BC, conditioned a series of political, economic and social transformations in the Greek world. Among these transformations, it is correct to point out a) the consolidation of Sparta's hegemony over all of Greece, due to the strong military concentration produced by that city in the Peloponnese region. b) the relative commercial decline of Athens, which had its merchant fleet severely reduced by the Persian attacks in the Aegean Sea. c) the formation of the Delian Confederation, a military league of land forces commanded by Sparta. d) the intensification of the internal struggle between the democratic and aristocratic parties in Athens. e) the replacement of the economic domain of the agricultural sector by the commercial one, in Sparta.
Question 05 - UFTM 2007 - Inspired by Frank Miller's comics, the American film “300”, in which a Brazilian actor plays Xerxes, the Persian king, deals with the battle of Thermopylae, part of the Medical Wars. These wars a) contributed to the unification and strengthening of the Greek city-states, which won and came to dominate Asia Minor. b) represented a clash of imperialisms between the nascent republic of Rome and Carthage, a Persian colony in North Africa. c) resulted from the expansionism of the Persian Empire, which conquered Greek colonies in Asia and threatened the city-states themselves. d) were motivated by the Macedonian conquest of Hellenic territory, which led to the creation of the Hellenistic Empire. e) had, as a consequence, the hegemony of the Spartan League of Delos, which financed the fight against the Ospersians.

Question 06 - ESPM 2013 - (...) The battle of Marathon was long and full of adventures. The barbarians managed to break through the ranks of the center of the Athenian army, putting the remnants to flight; but the two wings composed of Athenians and Plataeans attacked the opposing forces which had breached the center of the army, inflicting on them an irreparable defeat. Seeing them flee, they launched themselves in pursuit, killing and dismembering all those they encountered, to the edge of the sea, where they took possession of some of the enemy ships.
(Herodotus. History) Mark the alternative that presents, respectively, the name of the war in which the battle of Marathon took place as well as the barbarians mentioned in the text:a) Peloponnesian War – Trojans;
b) Medical Wars – Trojans;
c) Peloponnesian War – Persians;
d) Medical Wars – Persians;
e) Punic Wars – Carthaginians..

Question 07 - UPE 2013 - About the Medical Wars, fought between Greeks and Persians in the beginning of the 5th century BC. C., mark the CORRECT alternative.
a) The Greek victory was due to the strong Spartan leadership, since Athens submitted to the Persians from the beginning of the conflicts.
b) The battles of Marathon , Salamis and Thermopylae were fought in the open.
c) The Greeks distinguished themselves in the war because of the use of powerful Athenian cavalry.
d) The main tools of a Greek soldier were:the spear, the shield and sword.
e) Themistocles, the main general of the Persian army, achieved great victories thanks to the action of mercenaries financed by King Darius.

Question 08 - Mackenzie 2010 - Afternoon -
Frank Miller was inspired by the real Battle of Thermopylae, which took place in 438 BC, in Greece, to write “ The 300 of Sparta”. The adaptation of Miller's comic book was taken to the cinema, in 2006, by director Zack Snyder, with the title “300”.
Regarding the context of the Medical Wars (500-479 BC), a theme addressed in the film, mark the correct alternative.
a) Phoenician domination and naval expansion threatened the hegemony of Greece over the Aegean Sea, which led to the formation of a Greek defensive alliance.
b) Developing an imperialist policy, Athens entered in conflict with Sparta, which, agrarian and oligarchic, remained closed to territorial expansion.
c) Persian expansionism, which had already dominated Greek cities in Asia Minor and established Persian control over trade routes to the East, threatened the sovereignty of Greece, making it inevitable the Greek-Persian conflict.
d) Sparta, by prioritizing physical and military training, cultivating unconditional patriotism to the State, led the Greek offensive against the Assyrians, who threatened the Greek democratic institutions.
e) O A strong militaristic spirit present in Hellenistic culture and widespread in all Greek polis allowed, in the conflict against the Medes, Greece to obtain military supremacy and become the victor.

Question 09 - UNIP - About the Medical Wars, which took place during the Classical Period of Greek Antiquity, we can say that:
a) they were provoked by Athenian imperialism in the Age of Pericles
b) they were characterized by the military dispute between Greeks and Macedonians
c) they were part of the Persian imperialism framework
d) they involved the supporters of the Delian Confederation and the city-states of the Peloponnesian League
e) they gave the victory to the Spartans, who started an imperialist policy.

Question 10 - UFRGS 2014 - This is the exposition of Herodotus of Thurium, so that the events wrought by men, in time, may be erased, nor the great and admirable works, brought to light by both Greeks and barbarians, become without fame - and, at the most ,investigation also of the cause for which they made war against each other.
Herodotus, Histories, 1, 1-5. The narration of Herodotus (480-420 BC), considered the father of Western History, refers to (A) the medical wars - and the Persians.
(B) the Peloponnesian war - and the Spartans.
/>(C) the conquests of Alexander the Great - and the Egyptians.
(D) the Punic Wars - and the Carthaginians.
(E) the Trojan War - and the Trojans
GAUGE 01 - D02 - B03 - D04 - D05 - C
06 - D
07 - D
08 - C
09 - C
10 - A