History of Asia

Take my mother hostage! ?? Approaching the truth of Akechi Mitsuhide's parental killing

Last updated:2022-07-25

From ancient times [ parent murder ] Is considered a mortal sin, and until 1995 [ parricide ], The sin was heavier than normal murder, and he was sentenced to death or life imprisonment regardless of his motive.

It was deleted in the 1995 revision of the Penal Code because it violated equality before the law.

Although it was a felony in recent years, it was a felony, but in the Warring States period when the world was devastated, [ not a good thing, but it is unavoidable to survive ... ], There are also examples of killing parents. Taiga drama [ Kirin ga Kuru ] But it is a good example that Yoshitatsu Saito defeated his father, Dosan. In the drama, [ Patricide Stigma ], There is no mistake in recognizing that parental killing is not good even in this era.

And this time's theme is [ Akechi Mitsuhide's parent murder ] However, I would like to write about how Mitsuhide was stigmatized as a parent murderer and whether this story is true in the first place.

Tamba attacked and presented her mother to the enemy! ??

First, let's write the story that was the basis of the anecdote of Mitsuhide's parental murder and the circumstances leading up to it.

In 1575, Akechi Mitsuhide began attacking Tamba at the behest of Nobunaga Oda.

What was waiting in that country was [ Tanba's Red Demon . ] And feared [ Naomasa Akai ] Is the army. However, Mitsuhide, who is a good warrior, proceeded with the capture, [ it seems that the castle will fall at the beginning of the year because it completely surrounded the castle . ] It seems that the battle was so smooth that rumors came out.

However, an incident will occur at the beginning of the year.

Hatano Hideharu of the Tanba people who have followed Akechi Mitsuhide until now Suddenly rebelled. Kanegasaki's mouth Mitsuhide, who was surrounded both front and back like this, was forced to rout. Nobunaga, who learned that Mitsuhide had lost the war, gave up the early capture of Tamba and tried to change his policy to a long-term battle.

Therefore, Mitsuhide once left Tamba and fought in various places such as Hokuriku and Settsu, but his hard work fell and he wandered between life and death.

Mitsuhide, who survived his life, decided to attack Tamba again in 1578 ...

According to an anecdote, Mitsuhide was forced to struggle by the Hatano siege.

Mitsuhide who wants to open the castle somehow makes a plan.

The strategy is to bring peace to Mr. Hatano [ If Mr. Hatano surrenders, he will guarantee the survival of the territory and house of the country of Tanba . ] I made a promise. However, in this era, it is a daily occurrence to call peace and open the castle and not keep the promise, so of course Mr. Hatano did not take this story.

Therefore, Mitsuhide entrusted his mother, Omaki, to Mr. Hatano's castle, Yagami Castle, to prove that this promise was not a lie, and peace negotiations . I did. Then Mr. Hatano also [ I think it's not a lie if you do so far ... ], But Mitsuhide's boss, Nobunaga, breaks his promise.

Nobunaga broke his promise and executed Mr. Hatano, and his vassals killed Omaki, an angry hostage. It is thought that this will lead to Mitsuhide's resentment against Nobunaga and the transformation of Honnoji Temple, but on the other hand, [ Mitsuhide has also agreed . ] There seems to be an interpretation.

In the end, Mitsuhide offered his mother, knowing that he couldn't keep his promise with Hatano. If this theory is true, [ parent murder ] It is no wonder that it is said.

As research progresses, suspicious points ...

Mitsuhide's [ parent murder ] If the theory is true, it would be a devil wearing a human skin, but if it is not, his mother will be killed by the domineering of his boss, so it is impossible to lead to the Honnoji Incident. I think not.

It is a very shocking thing, and it has been featured in many historical novels and dramas since ancient times, and it is actually known as a famous episode of Akechi Mitsuhide.

However, recent research has revealed a number of mysterious points, [ unhistorical episodes . ] Is settled.

There is a problem with the historical materials in which the episode was written

First of all, there is a big problem with the historical materials in which this episode was written.

This episode summarizes the achievements of Nobunaga Oda during the Edo period [ Overview ] It started from what was written for the first time. Actually, this historical material is written at the timing when no one knows Nobunaga, more than 100 years after the change of Honnoji, and it is a historical material with a creative odor.

In addition, the general account is Nobunaga * written by Hoan Oze. Since the credibility of this Nobunaga is low and it is said that there are many mistakes, it is said that the work was originally full of mistakes and was adapted as a historical source. I can't trust it.

To put it simply, it's a work at the level of playing a Sengoku game and saying that this is true history.

* This work is different from Gyuichi Ota's [Shincho Kouki].

The influential historical material, Gyuichi Ota's Shincho Kouki, does not match Tsuji

Another problem is the influential historical materials written by Nobunaga's former vassal, Gyuichi Ota [ Shincho Kouki . ] There are many points where the content written in and the content of Mitsuhide's parental killing do not match. The first point is that [ Mitsuhide is having a hard time attacking Hatano . ] Is the point that there is no premise in the first place.

According to Nobunaga, the Mitsuhide army was dominant from beginning to end. Naomasa Akai, who suffered from the previous invasion, may have already died, and did not appear to be particularly struggling in the second invasion.

Does the one who has the upper hand in the battle need to bother to present his mother and negotiate peace? Also, Mr. Hatano of the enemy army seemed to be ready for a thorough fight until the end, and even if the war situation became disadvantageous, that did not change.

Considering the above points, it can be said that the battle will not end even if the mother is presented (issued) in either position, Akechi Mitsuhide or Hatano Hideharu.

Was the historical fact more aggressive?

From the above points, it was found that the suspicion of Mitsuhide's parental murder was a creation made in the Edo period. However, looking at the situation when Mitsuhide attacked Yagami Castle, he dropped the castle with a cruel operation so that he thought that it would be better if he was a "parent murderer".

Hideyoshi also went on a Chinese expedition twice [ Siege of troops 】is.

The siege is [ waiting for food to run out from the enemy's castle, and breaking your heart ] In tactics, Mitsuhide surrounded the castle and built a moat and fence to isolate it so that no mouse could enter or leave the castle.

When the troops were exhausted, the people in the castle began to eat vegetation, and when it was exhausted, they ate cows and horses. At that time, there was no carnivorous culture of eating cows and horses, and it was rather banned.

Eventually, all the food was exhausted and the castle was so weak that there was no end to the voices begging for help. Mr. Hatano strictly prohibited the escape, but even so, the appearance of those who forcibly left the castle was so devastating that Mitsuhide himself said that he was not so weak and human.

As a result, Mr. Hatano couldn't hold back and sent his soldiers out to launch a deadly all-out attack. At that time, it was common sense to thoroughly hunt down the opponent who was siege, so it can be said that cruel military commander's method is also a very common method in modern common sense.

As expected, this year's taiga drama " Kirin ga Kuru 』, What kind of depiction is fun to be drawn.