History of Asia

Political system after Taika Reform

Last updated:2022-07-25

I wrote earlier that the existence of the Taika Reform itself is suspicious, but what kind of political system would you have in place if there was an actual Taika Reform? This time I would like to investigate a little.

Taika Reform Edict (Kaishin no Mikotonori)

The Taika Reform Edict is an edict issued to show a new political policy in the Taika Reform.

  1. Public citizens
  2. Establishment of local administrative organization
  3. Family register
  4. New tax system

In addition, we have indicated that the Shinabe clan will be abolished.

* What is Shinabe? Please refer to the Kofun period-about the surname system. Refers to workers other than peasants who belong to the Great King.

Yin Wood Snake Sui dynasty And Tang dynasty An international student who witnessed Emperor Tenji And Nakatomi Kamatari , And Soga We convey advanced knowledge to.

Emperor Kogyoku who was the emperor before 645 Is Yin Wood Snake (= Soga no Iruka assassination ) Two days later ... Soga no Emishi self-harm The next day, Emperor Kotoku Transferred to. This transfer was the first event in Japan. Under this new system, the Crown Prince will be middle and big brother However, Yin Wood Snake has changed to a new position. Persons involved and monks returning from study abroad hold these positions.

Positions under the Taika Reform

Since the word of the job title came out earlier, I will look it up a little.

Minister of the Right / Minister of the Left

Oomi, Dalian It is a new position that was created with the abolition of, and the position in Japan is basically left> right.

* In Europe and Africa, the right is respected, and in India and Islamic countries, the left hand is considered negative as an unclean hand. In China, the way of thinking changes depending on the times, but in the Sui and Tang dynasties when Japan actively dispatched international students, it seems that they respected the left.

Internal vassal (Uchitsuomi)

Although it is not a permanent official, he was appointed as an assistant to the emperor.

* It is said that it was newly established to place Mr. Nakatomi, who has no political record compared to Mr. Soga, Mr. Abe, and Mr. Otomo, at the center of the administration, and their duties vary depending on the times.

Dr. Kuni (Kuni no Hakase)

He is a political adviser. A scholar and a priest dispatched as envoys to Sui were temporarily hired so that the Tang dynasty systems could be adopted in Japan as well. Later, they were placed one by one in each country.

Personnel and people in major positions

Emperor Kotoku Below, Minister of the Right Soga Ishikawa Maro , Minister of the Left Abe no Uchimaro , Internal vassal Nakatomi Kamatari , Dr. Kuni Takamuko no Kuroma (Takamiko no Kuromaro) ・ Min (Min) is working.

Soga Ishikawa Maro

A person who cooperated with the middle and big brother Prince and Nakatomi Kamatari during the Isshi Incident, even though he was Mr. Soga. Maro Ishikawa after Abe no Uchimaro's death His half-brother, Soga Hinata, praises the assassination of the middle-aged brother and prince by Maro Ishikawa. He commits suicide after being chased by the Emperor Tenji. After that, Maro Ishikawa Was proved innocent, and Hinata was banished to Tsukushi.

Abe no Uchimaro

Is it the same person as Abe Kurahashi Maro? It is said that. Mr. Abe's ancestor is said to be one of the four shoguns of the Four Ways in the Nihon Shogunate called Prince Ohiko, and his name (Ohobiko, Ohohiko) is engraved on the iron sword excavated from Saitama Prefecture. It is believed that it actually existed.

Nakatomi Kamatari

A person who played a central role with the middle and big brothers and princes in the Isshi Incident. From ancient times, Mr. Nakatomi was a clan who controlled Shinto rituals and rituals, and had little direct political record. Because of such a position, Mr. Nakatomi is on the side of Mr. Mononobe when he accepts Buddhism or when Mr. Mononobe and Mr. Soga confront each other.

A close aide to the Prince of the Middle Ages who wants to push forward with the reform of Taika, and confronts Soga Ishikawa Maro and Abe no Uchimaro who oppose the reform. After the death and defeat of Abe no Uchimaro and Soga Ishikawa Maro in 649, he gained power and was given the surname "Fujiwara" by Emperor Tenji.

Takamuko no Kuroma (Takamuko no Kuromaro)

A descendant of a toraijin clan, he moved to China as a mission to Sui in 608 and experienced a turbulent period when the country changed from Sui to Tang. After returning to Japan after passing through Silla in 640, he became a national doctor and worked to establish a system called Hyakkan-na in the eight provinces with Min. Customer death. Takamuko no Kuroma , who has been a pro-Tang sect in Sui and Tang for many years It can be said that the political stance of Emperor Tenji's foreign policy centered on Baekje did not match and it was like a real change.

Min (Min)

One person who went to Sui with Takamuko no Kuroma and others. He returned to Japan earlier than Hyunri, opened a private school, passed on advanced knowledge and culture to the sons of the gentry, and fostered successors. .. He later worked as a national doctor with Takamuko no Kuroma to establish a system for the eight provinces.

Of course, it is said that the mastermind behind Maro Ishikawa's self-harm would be the Prince of the Middle Ages and the Nakatomi Kamatari. In fact, I went to Sui with Takamuko no Kuroma and Minabuchi Minabuchi no Shoan . There is a person who says. This person was invited to come into power, but he never came into power. Actually, this Minabuchi no Shoan .. He is also a teacher of the Emperor Tenji and Nakatomi Kamatari. He was teaching Confucianism.

It is said that he had already died during the new administration. .. .. Minabuchi no Shoan is also two teachers, so he may have refused because he knew who he was.